The Ministry of Education has implemented recommendations from the Presidential Working Party on Education Reform (PWPER), resulting in a reduction of CBC subjects for lower and upper primary schools.
The report on the Competency-Based Curriculum (CBC) implementation, launched on August 1, 2023, highlighted the need for the Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development (KICD) to streamline learning areas and curriculum designs.
PWPER suggested specific limits for learning areas in various educational stages.
For Pre-Primary (PP1-PP2), the recommendation was not to exceed five learning areas, for Lower Primary (Grades 1-3) not to exceed seven, and for Upper Primary (Grades 4-6) not to exceed eight.
In response, the KICD, in collaboration with the Ministry of Education (MoE), rationalised learning areas.
In Pre-Primary, the number of learning areas remained at five, incorporating Agriculture and Home Science into a composite subject named Agriculture and Nutrition, with four lessons per week.
For Lower Primary, the learning areas were reduced from nine to seven, and lessons were decreased from 35 to 31 per week.
Hygiene and Nutrition were integrated into Environmental Activities, while Creative Arts encompassed Art, Craft, Music, and Physical Education.
Upper Primary saw a reduction from ten to eight learning areas, with lessons decreasing from 40 to 35 per week.
Agriculture and Home Science were merged into Agriculture and Nutrition, and Creative Arts now includes Arts and Craft, Music, and Physical Education.
In Junior School (Grades 7-9), the learning areas were reduced from fourteen to nine, and all nine core subjects must be taken by learners.
Integrated Science and Health Education form a new learning area called Integrated Science, and Social Studies and Life Skills Education were combined into Social Studies.
Pre-technical Studies, Computer Studies, and Business Studies were integrated into Pre-Technical Studies.
Physical Education and Sports, Visual Arts, and Performing Arts were amalgamated into Creative Arts and Sports.
Other Languages (Foreign, Sign Language, and Indigenous Language) will be non-examinable at Junior School, implemented as non-formal programs.