Majority of teachers involved in disciplinary cases and subsequently face interdiction from the teaching profession by the Teachers Service Commission (TSC) are male .
According to periodic data released by the commission and published on its website, more than 90 percent of disciplinary cases resulting in deregistration involve men.
Once a teacher is removed from the register, they are prohibited from teaching in any school. Out of the 366 teachers deregistered since 2017, only four are female.
The TSC enforces teacher discipline through the Code of Regulations for Teachers, 2015, and the Code of Conduct and Ethics, 2015. These regulations outline the procedures for addressing teacher misconduct.
As of June, the commission had received 1,007 disciplinary cases, of which 867 have been resolved, and 140 are pending at regional offices due to the decentralization of the process.
In March of this year, 36 male teachers were deregistered. A total of 1,128 cases were resolved in 2021 and 2022, with the previous year seeing the lowest number of cases (703) in five years, likely due to school closures caused by the pandemic.
Not all teachers who undergo the disciplinary process are dismissed. Those found not guilty are immediately reinstated or after serving a suspension.
Members of the National Assembly Education Committee have expressed concerns about the commission’s disciplinary procedures, stating that once teachers are dismissed, they cannot be rehired even if cleared of allegations by the courts.
Cavin Anyuor, the TSC Legal, Labour, and Industrial Relations chief, criticized the commission for using internal disciplinary processes irrespective of the criminal justice system, particularly in cases of sexual offenses, considering it as professional misconduct.
In July of last year, all the teachers deregistered were men, as were the 71 removed from the register in August 2019. Additionally, 24 male teachers were deregistered in May of the same year.
Recent deregistration’s include 40 males and one female in March 2020, 31 males in December 2020, 43 men and one female teacher in September 2021, and 44 males and two females in October of last year.
Nancy Macharia, the Commission’s CEO, informed lawmakers that investigations commence upon receiving a complaint. A committee reviews the complaint to determine if interdiction is necessary, and the hearing of the case follows.
Teachers on interdiction receive half of their pay, except those embargoed for desertion who receive no salary. In some instances, the disciplinary process results in dismissal and removal from the register of teachers.