MCAs (Members of County Assembly) in Kenya hold a significant role in county governments.
At the county level of governance, MCAs are assigned specific responsibilities according to the Constitution.
Legally, MCAs fulfill three vital roles: representation, legislation, and oversight.
They serve as representatives of the residents in their respective wards within the county. They actively participate in governance and voice the concerns and interests of their constituents.
Furthermore, MCAs are responsible for making and amending laws that directly impact the counties. They play a crucial role in the legislative process within the county assembly.
In addition, MCAs exercise oversight over the executive branch of the county government. They ensure that the executive is held accountable for its actions, decisions, and use of resources.
Elections for the position of MCA are conducted once every five years, coinciding with the general polls.
Salary of MCAs in Kenya
MCAs currently earn a monthly salary of Ksh.144,375, along with a committee sitting allowance of Ksh.62,400.
In the proposed budget for the 2023/2024 Financial Year, the Salaries and Remuneration Commission (SRC) suggested increasing the gross salaries for MCAs to Ksh.154,481, while maintaining the same sitting allowance.
In the next financial year, 2024/2025, there will be another salary increment, raising the amount to Ksh.164,588.
Allowances for MCAs in Kenya
- Monthly airtime – Ksh 5,000
- Sitting allowance- Ksh 5,000 per session
- Monthly mileage allowance – Ksh 40,000
- Per diem of local and foreign travel – Ksh 150,000 per month on average
Qualifications for becoming an MCA in Kenya are as follows:
To become a nominated or elected Member of the County Assembly, an individual must meet a set of requirements.
i) The person should be a registered voter.
ii) The person must fulfill any educational, moral, and ethical requirements specified by this Constitution or an Act of Parliament. The person can either:
(a) Be nominated by a political party, or
(b) Be an independent candidate supported by at least 500 registered voters in the ward concerned.
A person will be disqualified from being elected as a member of a county assembly if the person:
(a) Holds the position of a State officer or any other public officer, excluding a member of the county assembly;
(b) Has held office as a member of the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission at any time within the five years immediately before the election date;
(c) Has not been a citizen of Kenya for at least the ten years immediately preceding the election date;
(d) Is not of sound mind;
(e) Is an undischarged bankrupt;
(f) Is serving a sentence of imprisonment of at least six months; or
(g) Has been found, in accordance with any law, to have misused or abused a State office or public office or to have contravened Chapter Six.